The term “nature-based solutions” is used to mean working with the grain
of nature to achieve a range of benefits, including enhanced biodiversity,
flood alleviation, better livelihoods for local communities, and contributing to
greenhouse gas reductions, either by storing carbon or by preventing its release.
The focus in this report is on the role of nature-based solutions in reducing
carbon emissions and sequestering carbon, as part of the Government’s plan to
achieve net zero emissions of greenhouse gases by 2050.
Nature-based solutions are not a get out of jail free card. The primary aim must
be to reduce carbon emissions from all sectors. However, they can, in principle,
play an essential role in taking carbon out of the atmosphere to compensate
for the UK’s “residual” emissions from the sectors where total elimination of
carbon emissions will be impossible to achieve by 2050.
Source: Authority of the House of Lords (2022)