Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.
"Sustainable consumption and production is about promoting resource and energy efficiency, sustainable infrastructure, and providing access to basic services, green and decent jobs and a better quality of life for all. Its implementation helps to achieve overall development plans, reduce future economic, environmental and social costs, strengthen economic competitiveness and reduce poverty".
Target 12.1: Implement the 10-year sustainable consumption and production framework.
Indicator 12.1.1 is the number of countries with sustainable consumption and production (SCP) national action plans or SCP mainstreamed as a priority or a target into national policies.
Target 12.2: Sustainable management and use of natural resources.
Indicator 12.2.1 is material footprint, material footprint per capita, and material footprint per GDP.
Indicator 12.2.2 is domestic material consumption, domestic material consumption per capita, and domestic material consumption per GDP.
Target 12.3: Halve global per capita food waste.
Indicator 12.3.1 is the global food loss index.
Target 12.4: Responsible management of chemicals and waste.
Indicator 12.4.1 is the number of parties to international multilateral environmental agreements on hazardous waste, and other chemicals that meet their commitments and obligations in transmitting information as required by each relevant agreement.
Indicator 12.4.2 is hazardous waste generated per capita and proportion of hazardous waste treated, by type of treatment.
Target 12.5: Substantially reduce waste generation.
Indicator 12.5.1 is the national recycling rate, tons of material recycled.
Target 12.6: Encourage companies to adopt sustainable practices and sustainability reporting.
Indicator 12.6.1 is the number of companies publishing sustainability reports.
Target 12.7: Promote sustainable public procurement practices.
Indicator 12.7.1 is the number of countries implementing sustainable public procurement policies and action plans.
Target 12.8: Promote universal understanding of sustainable lifestyles.
Indicator 12.8.1 is the Extent to which (i) global citizenship education and (ii) education for sustainable development (including climate change education) are mainstreamed.
Target 12.A: Support developing countries' scientific and technological capacity for sustainable consumption and production.
Indicator 12.A.1 is the amount of support to developing countries on research and development for sustainable consumption and production and environmentally sound technologies.
Target 12.B: Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable tourism.
Indicator 12.B.1 is the number of sustainable tourism strategies or policies and implemented action plans with agreed monitoring and evaluation tools.
Target 12.C: Remove market distortions that encourage wasteful consumption.
Indicator 12.C.1 is the amount of fossil-fuel subsidies per unit of GDP (production and consumption) and as a proportion of total national expenditure on fossil fuels. Go to goal 13.
SSC/We support the Sustainable Development Goals